# 1-Town to Hike Town at North Rim, Colca Canyon
Kolka Canyon is still off the radar for most tourists. Farmland, small villages and truly friendly people's paradise with so many outsiders. Tourists visiting the herd of the canyon head for the Cruz del Condor. It is always a must see. (The world's best place to see the Andean Condor running through the gorge at 8 am daily) AM, still not the only attraction of the area. The small village is between the two rims of the gorge and has 5-10 miles of dirt roads, making it the perfect distance for hiking. I recommend departing from North Rim. Tourists head to Cruz del Condor, then cross the gorge to South Rim near the village of Lari before the north road ends. In fact, when I walked this road, I did not see another tourist and 4-5 cars until we reached the cruise del condor three days and about 25 miles after starting. Along the way, you'll find stunning views over the canyons and snow-capped mountains.
# 2-weave shops and ancient ruins near Ayacucho
Ayacucho was home to the most violent battles between the Shining Pass rebel movement and the Peruvian government in the 1980s and early 90s, and Ayacucho gained a reputation for being unsafe for tourists. In 1992, Abimael Guzman, the leader of the Shining Path movement, was arrested, and since then the situation has calmed down. The good news is that mainstream tourism has not yet found Ayacucho and its many attractions, so it is available to anyone who can think and travel independently. I saw a total of three different tourists for the three days we were there.
The best weavers in Peru (and the world) call Ayacucho home. Barrio Santa Ana has numerous Mom & Pop weaving shops, especially craftsmen whose owners create unique patterns of the highest quality as their only means of import. They are always happy to be able to show you how looms and weaves are requested.
Ayacucho is also known as the huge Inca ruins outside the city. It is a 15 square kilometer stacked stone town that was built by Wari Empire in about 800 AD. Most of the city was buried by changing the sand, but there is still a large area that is open to the public with a small entrance fee.
# 3-Amazon sailing on cargo ship
Just as important as reaching the destination is the means of getting to it. 99% of tourists heading to Iquitos, the world's largest city, are not accessible by road and travel by air from Lima or another city. Our advice? Take a slow boat like a local. Two hours north of Tarapoto in northern Peru, a small taxi rides to the small riverside town of Yuriguaguas. From there you will find boats heading downstream to Iquitos via Huallaga, Maranon and Amazon Rivers. Dozens of times travel Usually two or more people leave every afternoon. It is better to have a boat owned by Eduardo Transports Co. The boat is simply called Eduardo I, Eduardo II, etc. You can pay $ 10 or $ 90- $ 100 to sling a hammock on a sleeping deck. Cabin with two bunks, lockable doors for safe storage of bathrooms and gears. Both options include food (get your own drinking water). The first option is infinitely cheap and adventurous, but it makes the gear vulnerable to theft and requires the use of a rather unpleasant shared bathroom. This trip takes about two and a half days, and during this period you see the jungle slip on both sides of the incredibly wide river, watch the boat crew at work when you stop trading with the riverside village, and witness the incredible sunset of the Amazon . If you are lucky, you can also see pink river dolphins.
# 4 through Mara Non Canyon to Cacha Marca to Chacha Poya
Perhaps the least traveled route throughout Peru by tourists (and perhaps locals) is the way from Cajamarca to Chacha Poyas. For example, I considered hitchhiking the road, but gave up for two hours without seeing the road and seeing a car go by. Most travelers arrive in Chachapoyas on the northern highway route from Chiclayo, which gently rides the runway for 10 hours. For the adventurous, our suggestion is to spend the night by bus from Cajamarca to the small town Celendin, then take the bus or taxi to Chachapoyas the next morning. The second leg of this journey was a glimpse of the terrible diversion of the Montanaus 10,000-foot deep Maranon Canyon (twice deeper than the Grand Canyon) for a stunning display and ascent of climatic change from rim to rim. Get. The rim is thin and airy, with typical highland meadows in the Cajamarca region, 10-12,000 feet above sea level. At the bottom near sea level there are palms and mango trees growing thick and humid air along the river. On the opposite rim there is a plain that slowly blurs the forest when heading northeast towards Chapoya and losing some altitude. The view across the canyon is incredible for the four hours it takes to cross it.
# 5-Paracas National Reserve Camp
If you want to feel like the last person on earth, hike and camp at Paracas National Reserve. Reserves exist mostly to protect various marine life (including penguins and sea lions) offshore. The land part of the reserve is a lifeless literal barren wasteland. I did not look like a blade of grass after hiking six miles across the desert.
On the waterfront of the sanctuary there are three restaurants known as Lagunillas. The best way is to take a taxi in Pisco town, cross the store and go to this restaurant. Then prepare some food and more water than you can use (purchased from Pisco before starting) and walk from there. You can camp anywhere, but the risk of getting lost is very, very real. Plead to walk along the coast in one of two directions until you get to the proper campsite (keep in mind that the wind is almost always blowing-look for lowland areas to hit the tent). Then turn around and return to Lagunillas along the coast. There is usually a taxi waiting for two or two here. It is not advisable to start in the middle of the desert, as you can quickly lose your sense of direction on terrain without terrain. Care must be taken when the cliffs of 100 feet high along the waterfront collapse and become too close to the edge. A few sea lions can be found near the water at the foot of the cliff, sunsets are generally spectacular and complete solitude is guaranteed.
# 6-Quelaf Fortress
Kuelap is located in northern Peru, near Chachapoyas, known for its relatively few outsiders. The massive fortress surrounding the entire mountain allowed builders to ignore Incas, which had not been there before more than 100 years ago. It is often compared to the magnificent Machu Picchu, but more people visit Machu Picchu a day than it is to visit Kuelup during the year, which is mostly a gap due to a difficult approach. There are three options to go to the fortress. 1) Go with a tour group (e.g. few small tourers visit Kuelap in Chachapoyas) 2) arrange private transport and 3) rough trail hike up 4,000 feet in 6 miles in the town of Tingo. If you are in good health, option # 3 is by far the best experience and the lowest cost. Option # 2 is expensive but workable. Option # 1 defeats the purpose of getting a tourist route in our opinion, but it's the least painful.
When you get to the fort via a hiking trail, you'll feel almost lonely and fulfilled when you've reached the summit, and you'll be warned though you'll see great views of the surrounding mountains when climbing. And the steepest six miles were hiking.
# 7-Artisan and small village in the Mantaro Valley
Kang Cayo, a large city located in the heart of the Mantaro Valley, is nothing less spectacular (except maybe the market). But the small villages around the valley are different stories, each of which seems to have its own craft. Hualhuas is best known as San Jeronimo, a hand-made sterling silver jewelery, famous for its Cochas Grande in mocking sculptures. Santa Rosa de Ocopa is a 300-century monastery, visited by missionaries in the late 18th century to convert the Amazon jungle Indians and slaughtered by their faith. The site currently serves as a museum and memorial to this expedition and has one of the largest libraries in South America.
To explore the Mantaro Valley, Ruko Futa also needs only one person. Lucho & # 39; La Casa de la Abuela & # 39; Huge 1930s mansion renovated to accommodate backpackers at Huancayo. There is a restaurant and tourist office across the street across from the hostel. But unlike most tourist offices, Lucho and his team give you a map and some directions and tell you how to navigate yourself (advice is free if you stay at the hostel). As a guide as well.
8-Ancient City Cahuachi and Chauchilla Cemetery
Oddly, the largest Adobe city in the world is not the best known. This 25 square mile ancient metropolis was built by the Nazca Indians about 1,500 years ago. The Nazca Indians carved mysterious shapes in the desert sands near today's Nazca. Cahuachi is still being excavated and therefore not open to the public. Pottery debris is picked up and sanded all over the unclassified site. Archaeologists want to complete the restoration of the main mosque and open it to the public soon, but when funds are scarce, it is not clear when it will really happen. Currently, you need to stand outside the site to see how many walls and ruined buildings have been excavated from the sand hidden in sight for hundreds of years.
To get to this site you need 40 minutes to pass through a barren desert with no real roads. Public transport is not available, so if you want to travel in Nazca you will have to pay $ 15- $ 20 for a taxi.
Chauchilla is an ancient Nazca cemetery-a tomb collection that was first opened by tomb graves but has since been restored by archaeologists. The mummies are exhibited in their original wrapping paper in the tombs, and they were seated in the fetal position as they were buried, and due to the dry desert climate, long strings of dark hair survived for centuries and attached to the skulls of the mummies. .
Like Cahuachi, Chauchilla is best to take a taxi in Nazca, but some tourist agencies are included in the itinerary.
Hiking # 9-Gocta Falls
The third highest waterfall in the world is near Chacha Poya in northern Peru. The Falls, a thin stream of water that drops 2,536 feet into a small lagoon, can only be hiked for two hours on a path through a virgin rainforest. It is possible to meet other tourists on this site, but it is not enough to include Gocta Falls in this list.
You can take a shared taxi from Chachapoyas to the village of Cocachimba near the falls, but you need to register at the trailhead's office and come with a local guide to the bottom of the trail falls.
Stay at # 10-Amazon's Jungle Lodge.
The jungle lodge is obviously fully backed by tourism, but it is in a secluded area that will not always be surrounded by tourists wielding cameras. In fact, solitude is close in a cheap place where service is poor but wildlife is better than anywhere else. I stayed in a (very) cheap hostel near Iquitos for 5 days, 2 of which were the only guests staying there. Regardless of the price range, most lodges are usually assigned to groups by local guides, and during your stay you are ready to canoe and fish on the river or hike in the jungle, depending on your disposal. Parrots, macaws, snakes, sloths, caiman, river otters, tarantulas, ant licks and incredibly rare and hard to find jaguars.